Obesity is a serious health issue which is spreading world wide. It can be defined simply as a disease in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that health may be adversely affected (WHO 1997).
Being overweight/obese can lead to serious health consequences. Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, and certain kinds of cancer have all been linked to obesity (Sutton, 2005). Additionally, obese people experience enormous emotional and psychological suffering, as well as face discrimination and prejudice. Depression is a common characteristic of people who are obese. (Sutton, 2005).
In reflection of these critical issues, this study serves to examine the existing state wide data in relation to its corresponding socio-economic and environmental factors.
Spatial Analysis will be performed in ArcGIS as well as statistical analysis to determine the contributing factors of obesity in Australia and the degree of the contribution for the year 2004-2005.
Factors which will be examined against obesity are:
· Individual Median Income
· Non School Qualification
· Open green spaces
· Heart Disease and Diabetes Mellitus
This study did not incorporate Northern Terriotory or Tasmania as data for those areas are not sufficient.