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The 2012 International Transit of Venus



Undergraduate Thesis 2009 by Matthew Cooper

Supervised by Dr Craig Roberts


Venus in transit *






Sheehan, W & Westfall, J 2004, The Transits of Venus, Prometheus Books, Canada

Stern, D 2004 Educational Web Sites on Astronomy, Physics, Spaceflight and the Earth's Magnetism, accessed 1st June 2009, <>

Blatter, H 2003, Venustransit 2004, Institute of Atmospheric and Climate Science, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland

Fischer, D 2004, The Astronomical Unit from differential astrometry of the 2004 Transit of Venus, Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, <>

Transits recorded from Wellington, South Africa, <>

Tournes, D, L’observation du transit de Vénus: expéditions astronomiques dans l’océan Indien aux XVIII e et XIX e siecles, research paper.

Chou, R 2005, Eye safety during solar eclipses, accessed 2nd June 2009, <>

Howse, D (ed.) 1990, Background to Discovery: Pacific Exploration from Dampier to Cook. Berkeley:  University of California Press, accessed 30 May 2009, <>

The Ecliptic 2006, diagram, Hyperphysics, accessed 31 March 2009, <>

An example of parallax shift of a nearby star against a background of distant stars, UCLA Division of Astronomy and Astrophysics, accessed 4 June 2009, <>

Van Roode, S 2009, Circumstances for the transits of Venus, 1639-2117, The transit of Venus, accessed 29 May 2009, <>


Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics 2004, ‘Time and the Transit of Venus: RSAA engineer develops new portable timing system’, accessed 21 October 2009, <>

Lomb, N 2004, ‘Transit of Venus: the scientific event that led Captain Cook to Australia’, Powerhouse publishing, Australia.

Hitchcox, G 2009, ‘KIWI – Precision Timestamp Utility’, accessed 21 October 2009 <>

Sellers, D 2001, The transit of Venus: the quest to find the true distance of the Sun, MegaVelda Press, England.

New Zealand and Australia Time Resources, GPS Time, accessed 21 October 2009 <>

van Roode, S 2006, The Online Parallax Calculator, accessed 21 October 2009 <>

Visibility of Transit, diagram, NASA Eclipse Web Site, NASA, accessed 21 October 2009, <>

Reflector Telescope, OzScopes, accessed 22 October 2009, <>

The University of Michigan Astronomy Department 2006, Reflecting Telescopes (Newtonian Type), accessed 22 October 2009, <>

* Venus in transit, photograph, Alachua Astronomy Club, accessed 4 June 2009, <>



Quick Facts about the 2012 Transit of Venus


Transit will commence at approximately 22:00 (Universal Time)


Transit duration will be about 6 hours 40 minutes


(Times above are approximate and will vary according to observer’s location)


For Sydney:

First contact: 8:16 AM

Last contact: 2:44 PM

The transit and the distance from Earth to Sun

History of transit observations

Observation methods

Observing conditions

Collaborating data







Matthew Cooper 2009

Last modified 30 October 2009