In conclusion, the thesis was a success, and the aims of the project have been conquered. PV technologies such as: GIS, soil surveys and spatial measurements have facilitated an understanding of the vineyard, and have aided in the establishment that the vineyard has a positive carbon footprint. The project demonstrates that vineyards have the capability to promote a carbon neutral environment by the propensity of perennial vines to sequester carbon and to stimulate long-term storage of carbon in the soil, hence proving the ability of grape vines to have a positive impact on climate change. The effect of fossil fuel combustion, electricity usage, and fertiliser applications on greenhouse gas emissions has been analysed; and it has been corroborated that these factors do have a negative effect on the vineyards carbon footprint. Furthermore, the beginnings of a draft methodology for the CFI have been constituted, and an estimate of how much money could be saved if the CFI was implemented for viticulture has also been evaluated.