Vine Carbon

The analysis on carbon in the vines is based solely on the single measurements completed in 2012. There were no other measurements taken in other years, so each block has been fitted to the same growth formula at different scales. To keep the analysis at a constant, the vines have been investigated at 13 years of growth, since this was the age of the majority of the vines when they were measured. The results show that red wine could possibly have higher volumes of wood, however it is hard to conclude as there were not enough measurements taken. The shiraz and cab sav varieties showed to have the highest volume followed by chardonnay sav blanc and merlot

 

Baseline Soil Carbon

A TIN was generated on QGIS to assess the baseline carbon levels. There was a range of SOC between 0.5 and 3.5, and it appeared that the higher contents are at the northern end of the vineyard. At the end of each drainage line there is an inclination towards a higher SOC content which may suggest heavy rains transport more soil organic matter to the bottom of catchment areas hence a high SOC The higher SOC content at the northern end could also be linked with this theory as it has a more condensed catchment area Finally, the majority of the vineyard and particularly the southern end have relatively low SOC 0.5 to 1.5

 

2009 Soil Carbon

These results clearly indicate an overall soil carbon storage increase since cultivation. The range now in 2009 was between 1.32 to 2.07 compared to 0.5 to 3.5 in the baseline. The TIN visualises that more carbon is in areas where grape vines have been growing, and the northern end of the vineyard has the highest SOC content again. The southern part of the vineyard has increased from around 0.5 to 1.5 in the baseline to 1.57 to 2.07 in 2009, a significant increase in carbon sequestered due to viticulture There are no values less than 1.32 whereas this was the majority in the baseline, however, There were no values in the 2.5 to 3.5 range and in the baseline there were 4 of these values. This could be because of farming activities or solely because the higher values in the baseline were outliers due to the fact they were only single measurements and not average.

 

Carbon Sequestered

Carbon Footprint

CFI Outlook

The results show that in 2012, the farm has had the potential to make almost $1600, with an increase to the amount of money saved per year up until the year 2016. This is due to a slight increase in the actual carbon footprint predicted per year, and also because of a rise in the rate of carbon up until 2016 when the market is set by the EU. The rates used for the analysis were derived from the CFI and are set at $23 a tonne with a rise of 2.5% per year until 2016. In 2016 the planned flexible price scheme, which is presumably fixed to the EU market, commences. The flexible price scheme originally had a floor price of $15; however, there is now no safety net because in August Government decided to scrap the floor price and allow the price to be set wholly by the EU market. The predictions on and after 2016 have been set with a guesstimate carbon price of $15/tonne, aligned with the original floor price. The guess could be an optimistic or pessimistic outlook for the future of carbon pricing.