Positional Astronomy is a continually developing science but one that is as old as human civilisation. This development can be tracked through time, from civilisation to civilisation and each has added their own discoveries in gaining an understanding of it. With the development of positional astronomy came greater accuracy and reliability in the observations made by the people who were able to use the information gathered to further their discoveries. This thesis follows developments from ancient Babylonia, Greece, India, Arab nations, to Europe in the Scientific Revolution and right through to the Twenty First Century.


The need for an understanding of the behaviour of celestial objects for the operation of an increasingly larger world provided a sound base for the learning to occur. Once an understanding was developed the people were able to apply it to their lives, in their beliefs, operations and travel.


The methods used to take astronomical observations is important and have been explored. Astronomical observations can be used to determine the local latitude and longitude. This task was undertaken and results achieved.






Last Update 29/10/2008